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Bambang Prasetya
Satya Nugroho


Decreasing in quantity and quality of land including available land for crop cultivations leads to many efforts to develop appropriate technology for genetic improvement through biotechnology approach. A novel trending tools to perform genetic modification intensively discussed is genome editing, which is developing rapidly. By applying genome editing, many researches have been performed successfully to improve the genetic trait of organism by modification of DNA with no traces of foreign gene in the final products. There are research reports concerning the development of climate-compatible crops, high productivity, high quality and specific trait for animals and fish, effective and specifically targeted biocatalytic processes by using microorganism, health-promoting foodstuffs and environmentally friendly production using genome editing approach. The genome editing approach will be an important alternative for modern breeding, which is different to the existing GMO technologies, which has already been developed for almost 30 years. Many assessments concluded that genome editing will catalyze important innovations in the bioeconomy. This paper will discuss about the global trends of genome editing and the opportunity and challenge faced in Indonesia. Moreover, it will also discuss the roles of the existing regulations and how they adapt to respond to this new technology.


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