PERBANDINGAN KARAKTER ANATOMI DAUN PADA EMPAT KULTIVAR NANGKA (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) KOLEKSI TAMAN BUAH MEKARSARI, BOGOR

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Raudya Tuzzahra Ramadhani
Nina Ratna Djuita
Dorly

Abstrak

Taman Buah Mekarsari mengembangkan beberapa kultivar nangka, antara lain kultivar Telanjang, Mini, Bubur, dan Dulang. Keempat kultivar tersebut dibedakan berdasarkan keunikan buahnya. Keragaman kultivar nangka sangat banyak, namun studi mengenai anatomi daun kultivar nangka yang berbeda belum pernah dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mempelajari karakter anatomi daun beberapa kultivar nangka koleksi Taman Buah Mekarsari, Bogor. Sampel diambil dari tiga pohon untuk tiap kultivar dengan tiga ulangan cabang untuk tiap pohon. Sediaan sayatan paradermal dan transversal dibuat dari daun keempat dari ujung cabang. Hasil pengamatan sayatan paradermal daun menunjukkan sel epidermis berbentuk tidak beraturan dengan dinding sel antiklinal rata hingga berlekuk. Stomata hanya terdapat pada sisi abaksial daun dengan tipe anomositik. Pada kultivar nangka dijumpai dua jenis trikoma, yaitu trikoma kelenjar dan trikoma non kelenjar. Tidak terdapat perbedaan karakter anatomi daun pada semua daun kultivar nangka yang diamati. Hal ini dikarenakan rentang nilai karakter anatomi yang diamati saling tumpang tindih pada keempat kultivar tersebut. Namun demikian, karakter anatomi daun dapat digunakan untuk membedakan kultivar nangka dengan hibrida nangkadak cv. Bola.

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Cara Mengutip
Ramadhani RT, Djuita NR, Dorly. 2022. PERBANDINGAN KARAKTER ANATOMI DAUN PADA EMPAT KULTIVAR NANGKA (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.) KOLEKSI TAMAN BUAH MEKARSARI, BOGOR. Buletin Kebun Raya 25(2): 84-95. https://doi.org/10.55981/bkr.753

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