FENOFASE BUNGA Sarcotheca macrophylla Blume (Oxalidaceae) DAN INTERAKSINYA DENGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR

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Triadiati
Adi Darmawan
Inggit Puji Astuti

Abstrak

Sarcotheca macrophylla Blume Yang dikenal dengan nama kerumbai merah merupakan tumbuhan endemik Borneo anggota suku Oxalidaceae. Buah dari tumbuhan ini dapat dimakan dan masyarakat Dayak Kenyah di Kutai Barat, Kalimantan Timur memanfaatkannya sebagai sampo. Kajian mengenai taksonomi jenis ini telah dilaporkan, namun kajian mengenai fenofase dan fenologi pembungaan belum pernah ditemukan dalam pustaka. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan proses pembungaan dan faktor lingkungan yang memengaruhi perkembangan bunga S. macrophylla. Pengamatan deskriptif dari fase perkembangan bunga dan faktor lingkungan yang mempengaruhinya dilakukan di Kebun Raya Bogor. S. macrophylla memiliki waktu inisiasi pembungaan selama 30 hari. Fase kuncup kecil bunga tunggal berlangsung selama 6 hari. Fase kuncup besar terjadi selama 12 hari. Fase antesis memerlukan waktu selama 1–2 hari. Perkembangan buah membutuhkan waktu selama 36–40 hari. Faktor biotik yang diduga berpengaruh pada proses pembungaan adalah suhu udara. Faktor biotik yang mempengaruhi pembuahan S. macrophylla adalah kunjungan serangga dari Hymenoptera, Curculionidae, Mitidae, dan Cicadellidae.

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Cara Mengutip
Triadiati, Darmawan A, Astuti IP. 2021. FENOFASE BUNGA Sarcotheca macrophylla Blume (Oxalidaceae) DAN INTERAKSINYA DENGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR. Buletin Kebun Raya 24(3): 152-162. https://doi.org/10.14203/bkr.v24i3.739

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