Tacca chantrieri André: BUNGA KELELAWAR HITAM EKSOTIK DI KEBUN RAYA BOGOR DAN PEMANFAATANNYA

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Yeyen Novitasari

Abstract

Tacca chantrieri, known as devil flower or black bat flower, belongs to the Dioscoreaceae family. It has a unique inflorescence. As an indigenous perennial herb of the tropics, it is commonly used by locals as an ornamental and medicinal plant. The plant distributes and centralizes in Indo-Malesia from Southeast Asia to Solomons. Moreover, the rhizomes of T. chantrieri have been used in Chinese medicines to treat various diseases such as burns, gastric ulcers, enteritis, and hepatitis. Some studies found that secondary metabolites of T. chantrieri, such as taccalonolides, diarylheptanoids, and steroids can be used as an anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antitumor, and anticancer, especially leukemia, colon cancer, ovarian cancer, and stomach. This article is focused on the characteristic of T. chantrieri, distribution, habitat, plant propagation, and its potential uses.

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